Institute of Catalysis
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Institute of Catalysis
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Acad. G. Bonchev St., Bldg. 11,
Sofia 1113, Bulgaria

Tel: +359 2 9793563;
fax: +359 2 9712967;
e-mail: icatalys@ic.bas.bg

www.ic.bas.bg About > History

History  

The great importance of catalysis for the development of the chemical industry, the successful basic research and applied research activities as well as the good coordination of research collaboration – all these create prerequisites for establishing a specialized research unit for investigations in the field of catalysis.

In 1977 a working group was formed with the task to prepare a National Program for Catalysis and to elaborate a plan for its realization. The members of this group, on behalf of the Academy, are: Acad. B. Kurtev, Corr.-Memb. Georgi Bliznakov, Prof. D. Shopov, Prof. D. Elenkov, Senior Researcher II degree A. Andreev, Senior Researcher II degree L. Petrov. On behalf of the Ministry of the Chemical Industry the group involves the Deputy-Minister Senior Researcher II degree Tsvetan Tsenkov and Ing. Naiden Naidenov, head ofdepartment, on behalf of the Higher Chemical Technological Institute (University for Chemical Technology and Metallurgy) Assoc. Prof. Dimiter Shishkov. The group prepared a program, which was approved at the beginning of 1978. It envisages the creation of the Central Laboratory for Kinetics and Catalysis and the Basic Unit for Research and Development of catalytic innovations. It was planned to buy a series of unique (for the country) scientific research equipment.

The approval of the program was followed by a substantial widening of the basic research and applied research work in the research plan of the section „Kinetics and Catalysis“ and deploying fundamental investigations on a large scale. There was a considerable increase in the number of the staff, but from financial point of view the program was not supported sufficiently. The contracts with the industry increased substantially the financial resources of the section. The financial system, existing at that time, however did not enable converting Bulgarian money into foreign currency needed to buy the necessary scientific equipment.

In 1978 . Senior Researcher II degree L. Petrov was appointed as Scientific Secretary of the United Center for Chemical Sciences, and in 1980 Prof. D. Shopov was appointed as Deputy-Director of the United Center for Chemical Sciences, which made possible to obtain a part of the funds, which were given to the Center annually for equipment (about 170 000 USD) – this part was directed for the needs of the Program for Catalysis during the period 1980-1982.

In 1980 Prof. D. Shopov was elected as a Corresponding Member of BAS, and soon afterwards as a Vice-President of BAS. In 1984 he was elected to be an Academician.
In 1982 on the basis of an initiative of Corr.-Memb. D. Shopov the Ruling Body of BAS proposed to the Council of Ministers to take a decision for the establishment of the Institute of Kinetics and Catalysis at the United Center for Chemical Sciences.

The Institute of kinetics and Catalysis was formed on the basis of the section „Kinetics and Catalysis“ at the Institute for Organic Chemistry with a Center for Phytochemistry on 1.04.1983 with a Decree 4 of the Bureau of the Council of Ministers dated 24.03.1983. It inherits the legacy of the section „Chemistry of Oil“(1958-1963), which changed its name into „Kinetics and Catalysis“ (since 1971 it became „Organic Catalysis“) and in 1983 the staff of the newly established institute comprised 76 employees.

The subject of the activities of the Institute of Kinetics and Catalysis is defined in the following way:

  • Basic and applied research in the field of chemical kinetics and catalysis; 
  • Development of technologies for production of catalysts; 
  • Kinetic models of catalytic processes and design of catalytic reactors; 
  • Coordination of the scientific research activities in the field of kinetics and catalysis in the country; 
  • Realization of scientific-methodological guidance of the manufacture of catalysts and application of industrial catalytic processes in the industry of the country.

In 1994 the Institute of Kinetics and Catalysis (IKC) was renamed into Institute of Catalysis (IC).

The first Director of the Institute of Kinetics and Catalysis during the period 1983-1989 was Acad. D. Shopov, Deputy-Directors were Assoc. Prof. DSc A. Andreev and Assoc. Prof. DSc L. Petrov and the Scientific Secretary was Assoc. Prof. PhD N. Kotsev.

Since 1989 until 1993 Director of IKC was Prof. DSc L. Petrov, Deputy-Director Prof. DSc A. Andreev and Scientific Secretary Assoc. Prof. PhD N. Kotsev.

During the period 1993 to 1996 Director of IKC and after the renaming of the institute into IC was Prof. DSc A. Andreev, Deputy-Director Assoc. Prof. PhD Slavcho Rakovsky and Scientific Secretary Assoc. Prof. PhD Ivan Mitov.

From 1996 to 1997 Director of IC was Prof. DSc A. Andreev (until his death in 1997), Deputy-Director was Assoc. Prof. DSc L. Petrov and Scientific Secretary Assoc. Prof. PhD Slavcho Rakovsky.

Since 1997 until 2007 Director of IC was Prof. DSc L. Petrov, Deputy-Directors Assoc.Prof. PhD Nickolay Neshev (until his death in 2004) and Prof. DSc S. Rakovsky and Scientific Secretary Assoc. Prof. PhD Chavdar Bonev.

Since 2007 until 2011 Director is Prof. DSc S. Rakovsky, Deputy-Director is Prof. DSc Sonya Damyanova and Scientific Secretary Assoc. Prof. PhD Alexander Eliyas.

Beginning from 2011 until now Director is Prof. DSc S. Rakovsky, Deputy-Director is Prof. DSc S. Damyanova and Scientific Secretary Assoc. Prof. PhD S. Todorova.

Announcements

10 April 2016
Countries work together to find solutions for Critical Raw Materials Under Extreme Conditions (CRM-EXTREME)


Sitemap    Powered by FlexiCMS

2009-2013 Institute of Catalysis. All rights reserved. Design & Development MediaDesign